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A Cseh és Szlovák CIVINET delegációja járt Budapesten

2022. június 15 és 17-e között a Magyar CIVINET vendégül látta a Cseh és Szlovák CIVINET 20 fős delegációját. A budapesti tanulmányútjuk célja a budapesti mobilitás és városfejlesztés megismerése volt, fenntarthatósági elemekkel a fókuszban.

Az eseménysorozat a Cseh Nagykövetségen kezdődött, ahol a házigazda köszöntötte a csoportot. Itt három előadás hangzott el: az elsőt Hajnal Tünde, a BKK mobilitástervezési osztályvezetője tartotta a 2019-es Budapesti Mobilitási Tervről, melynek most zajlik a felülvizsgálata. A főbb célok, stratégiák és víziók voltak az előadás központjában. Ezt követte Horn Gergely, a Nemzeti Közlekedési Központ (korábban BFK) vasútfejlesztési igazgatójának prezentációja, melyben a Budapesti Agglomerációs Vasúti Stratégiáról volt szó. A főbb hangsúlyt a tervben lévő alagútra helyezte, melyet a Duna alatt fognak kiépíteni, ezzel megszüntetve a fejpályaudvari rendszert a Nyugati és Déli pályaudvaron, jelentősen növelve a budapesti vasúti kapacitást.  A harmadik előadást Szabó Noémi, a Mobilissimus várostervező mérnöke tartotta, aki a Budapesti Agglomerációs Kerékpáros Stratégiáról beszélt. Ennek – a szintén NKK projektnek – a lényege a minőségi ráhordó kerékpárhálózat a budapesti agglomerációban, egyben Budapest kerékpáros megközelíthetőségének javítása.

A rövid napot egy Városligeti sétával zártuk, ahol az autómentes tervekről, az új beruházásokról, és a turisztikai látványosságokról beszélt Dr. Szele András, a Mobilissimus vezető szakértője, és Ekés András, a cég ügyvezetője. A Városliget körüli konfliktusokra is kitértek, melyek a beépítés és a zöld felületek megtartása körül folyik.

A második nap a BKK FUTÁR (Forgalomirányítási és UtasTÁjékoztatási Rendszer) diszpécser központjában indult, ahol a résztvevők megismerkedhettek a központ belső működésével. A 2014-ben kiépített rendszer lehetővé teszi a budapesti forgalom valós idejű, 24 órás felügyeletét, rendkívüli helyzetben pedig a gyors és hatékony közbeavatkozást. Ezt követően – egy kis kitérővel – a csapat a vezető nélküli metróra szállva kiment Kelenföldig, ahol a vasúti pályaudvar, a nem olyan régen kialakított, egyelőre ingyenes P+R parkoló és a buszpályaudvar csomópontja volt fókuszban. Az Etele Pláza tetejéről gyönyörűen beláthatóak ezek az újabb fejlesztések. A délutánt egy rövid vonatozást követően a budafoki CAF Kocsiszínben folytatták, ahol a kollégák megmutatták a műszaki részleteket. A napot egy Gellért-hegyi sétával zártuk. A Citadella lezárása miatt a résztvevők eggyel lejjebbről csodálták meg a kilátást. Itt a turisztikai látványosságokon túl a MOL Torony, az Atlétikai Stadion és a Kopaszi-gát volt kiemelve, mint szakmai érdekesség.

A tanulmányutat egy 2 órás sétával zárták a harmadik napon, amikor Ekés András megmutatta a cseh és szlovák kollégáknak a budapesti mikromobilitási pontok egyikét, a forgalomcsillapított Ráday utcát és a pesti rakpartot – bemutatva az azzal kapcsolatos lezárásról/megnyitásról szóló vitát (melyről Dr. Szele András írt az Azonnalira; ezek itt és itt olvashatók, Ekés András pedig a Spirit FM-nek nyilatkozott, mely itt hallgatható vissza).

O nouă ediție a trainingului FUTURE LEADERS

Până în 21 iunie, ora 17,00 vă puteți înscrie la trainingul online FUTURE LEADERS destinat studenților, proaspeților absolvenți de facultate și tinerilor profesioniști interesați în mobilitate urbană.

Tema celei de a treia ediții este incluziunea și accesibilitatea spațiului public. Trainingul se desfășoară în perioada 23-24 iunie și este organizat de CIVINET ROMÂNIA. Începem in 23 iunie, ora 13,00 – 17,30 și continuăm în 24 iunie, ora 10,00 – 12,30.

Limba de desfășurare este limba română. Pentru participare, vă rugăm să vă înscrieți pe  https://us06web.zoom.us/meeting/register/tZYsf-GvrDMrG9xYFkATDi_OeGloYxHA-Ac8 .

Trainerii aceste ediții sunt: Irina Rotaru, arhitect și expert în mobilitate urbană, manager de proiect la Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Paris, Île-de-France, activă în diferite proiecte de mobilitate urbană (CIVITAS; URBACT; EIT URBAN MOBILITY) și cu o carieră universitară la Politecnico di Milano și Iris Popescu, arhitect și activist, promovează designul incluziv în București unde coordonează ONG-ul pe care l-a fondat în 2015 – AMAIS. Misiunea lor este să creeze o societate echitabilă pentru persoanele cu dizabilități permanente, temporare sau bazate pe context prin arhitectură, tehnologie și proiecte sociale.

Pentru a participa la acest training nu este nevoie să aveți cunoștințe teoretice specifice, ci doar curiozitate și interes pentru acest domeniu. Ne adresăm tinerilor cu o experiență universitară diversă care sunt interesați de o viitoare carieră în mobilitate urbană, fie în calitate de viitori urbaniști, ingineri, sociologi, geografi, comunicatori, IT-iști etc, dar și tinerilor profesioniști care activează în administrația publică sau în diverse organizații neguvernamentale.

Ismét Magyar CIVINET fenntartható városi mobilitási szekció az ÉPKO-n

Az Erdélyi Magyar Műszaki Tudományos Társaság (EMT) és a Magyar CIVINET 2021-ben kezdődött együttműködése keretében a 2022. június 9-12. között megrendezett XXVI. Nemzetközi Építéstudományi Konferencia – ÉPKO második alkalommal bővült fenntartható városi mobilitási szekcióval. Az elmúlt évek kihagyása után ezúttal személyes formában, Csíksomlyón megrendezett konferencia több országból gyűjtötte egybe a magyar nyelvű műszaki szakembereket, hogy megosszák egymással eredményeiket és tapasztalatokat cseréljenek.

A Magyar CIVINET fenntartható városi mobilitási szekció Barna Zsolt (Értékterv) szekcióelnök előadásával kezdődött a kerékpárforgalmi hálózatok fejlesztésének tapasztalatairól, melyben az elmúlt 10-15 év magyarországi tapasztalatai alapján kiemelte a hálózattervezés, a közlekedésbiztonsági szempontok és a korszerű előírásrendszer fontosságát.

Farkas Flóra (Takács-Tetra Építész és Mérnökiroda, társszerzők Szikra Csaba és Takács Lajos Gábor) az elektromos járművek tüzeinek az épületek szerkezeteire hatásáról beszélt, melynek az elektromobilitás térnyerése ad aktualitást.

Bachmann Dóra (BME Út- és Vasútépítési Tanszék) a szemmozgás figyelésének vizsgálatát ismertette, melynek segítségével bepillantást nyerhetünk az ember és környezetének kommunikációjába, és megérthetjük, miben más a járművezetők, kerékpárosok és gyalogos vizuális viselkedése.

Gertheis Antal (Mobilissimus) a kerékpározási távolságokra vonatkozó adatokról, a kerékpár módválasztási arányának távolsággal való összefüggéseiről beszélt, amely jelentős szempont a kerékpárforgalmi hálózatok tervezésében – a közlekedési, ill. szabadidős kerékpározás esetében eltérő módon.

Nagy Sándor (Szeged MJV Önkormányzata) a szegedi Oskola utcai fejlesztés példáján mutatta be gyakorlatias módon, hogy a fenntartható mobilitás, városrehabilitáció és kommunikáció hogyan válhatnak egymást támogató tevékenységekké.

A szekciónak jelentőséget adott, hogy köszöntőjében Borboly Csaba, Hargita Megye Tanácsának elnöke a kerékpáros infrastruktúra fejlesztését a következő évek egyik legjelentősebb kihívásának nevezte. Az előadásokhoz kapcsolódó cikkek szabadon elérhetők a konferencia kiadványában.

A cikk eredetileg itt jelent meg: https://mobilissimus.hu/hirek/ismet-magyar-civinet-fenntarthato-varosi-mobilitasi-szekcio-epko-n

WEBINAR: Cum facem atractiv transportul public local

CIVINET ROMÂNIA vă invită, joi, 9 iunie, de la ora 15,00 la un webinar despre cum putem face transportul public mai atractiv pentru călători.

Webinarul se desfășoară în limba engleză, cu traducere simultană în limba română. Pentru înscrieri vă rugăm să accesați https://us06web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_c_cKvCGmTGGW36zcIiycIg

Alături de noi va fi Vanessa Holve, de la TRT Trasporti e Territorio Italia, care va vorbi despre noul Ghid tematic PMUD (SUMP Topic Guide) care oferă o serie de recomandări privind transportul public în procesul de planificare și implementare a PMUD, pentru a obține un transport public mai atractiv. Ghidul cuprinde exemple și mesaje cheie pentru a sprijini orașele să facă mai rapid tranziția către transportul multimodal, printr-o planificare mai bună a mobilității urbane.

András EKÉS, de la MOBILISSIMUS Ungaria va prezenta exemple concrete de cum măsuri mici pot avea un impact mare asupra calității transportului public din orașele noastre. Pentru a putea reprezenta o alternativă atrăgătoare, transportul public trebuie să ofere servicii la prețuri bune, de calitate și inovatoare. Instrumentele și bunele practici de planificare pot contribui la o ofertă mai atractivă și la adaptarea la diferitele contexte urbane și periurbane europene.

Online introduction of how a photovoltaic plant was implemented on the roof of a metro station in Vienna

Meet an expert online from Wiener Linien on 31st May and learn about the experiences in implementing a photovoltaic plant on the metro station Ottakring within the EfficienCE project. Participants will have also the opportunity to watch several videos about the pilot sites and ask questions from the experts.

Registrer HERE

More information HERE

Online event about the implementation of pilots in Pilsen, Maribor and Gdynia

Meet experts in energy-efficiency in public transport from PKT (trolleybus operator in Gdynia), PMDP (public transport operator in Pilsen) and University of Maribor virtually, and learn about their experiences in demonstrating recovery of braking energy, stabilization of trolleybus-grid via buffer storage station, and e-fast-chargers within the EfficienCE project. Participants will have also the opportunity to watch several videos about the pilot sites and ask questions from the experts.

Registrer HERE

More information HERE

Taxis and rental cars in cities in The Netherlands to be zero-emission by 2025

The Netherlands is to restrict all newly registered taxi and rental cars in the big cities to zero-emission vehicles after 2025. Other parts of the country are allowed until 2030. This comes about after the policy decision to allow municipalities to introduce zero-emission zones in cities, however these zero-emission zones can now also include taxis.

The agreement has been signed by the Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Eindhoven and Tilburg municipalities alongside Uber, SchipholTaxi, Bolt and Leaseplan representing the industry. The Amsterdam municipality starts ahead of the curve as they have already introduced taxi ranks which only zero-emission taxis can use. Amsterdam Schipol Airport has also introduced these zero-emission zones in its taxi ranks.

The zero-emission vehicles can include battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (FCEVs). The policy provides different amounts of time to transition to a zero-emission vehicle, depending on the age of the vehicle. Newer vehicles are allowed a longer time period to change as they have already recently invested money into their business. This is also due to the fact that there are no subsidies planned to help in switching to the new vehicle.

The reasons behind our congested cities

Congestion is a major concern for cities and regions across Europe and beyond. Many approaches have been sought to attempt to control and manage traffic flows in order to improve liveability, air quality and economic indicators.

Congestion is caused by a supply and demand imbalance: more cars are on the road than space on the road allows. Depending on the time of day, and the surrounding population and workforce densities, and the conditions of the road and its intersections, demand for the roadway can increase up to and beyond the point of saturation—when the volume of cars using the road is greater than the capacity of the road.

There have been major efforts to tackle congestion by planners, engineers, politicians- from simple road signage to more complex data-driven platforms. Whilst many have succeeded, others have failed to account for negative externalities—the social, economic, and environmental problems they create.

However, there are a variety of reasons for congestion- which are not related to driver behaviour. Understanding congestion mitigation requires understanding its science and politics. Congestion is notoriously difficult to model in a scientific setting. Scientists have been studying congestion—presenting and refining models, and suggesting further research.

Driving cars is an obvious cause. Many people have few alternatives to driving, much of the world’s built environment has been planned and designed to be driven, and new roadway capacity induces driving. Parking also induces driving, and drivers add to driving distances and congestion while searching for parking.

Lack of safety is also a key reason- and a high number of crashes adds to congestion. In 2021, 40,000 people died in traffic collisions in the United States. That figure is relatively small compared to the total number of collisions every year. More than 12 million vehicles were involved in crashes, fatal or not, in 2019.

Road capacity is also a core reason. A lack of road capacity is the most common explanation for persistent congestion, and thus more roadway capacity is the most commonly proposed solution. However, adding capacity does not reduce congestion- as outlined by the concept of induced demand. The underlying demand for driving exceeds the road space available, so building more roads induces more traffic. Congestion soon returns but with more vehicles affected than before.

This is augmented by urban sprawl which also adds to congestion- as distance between domestic, work and other activities is widened.

Traffic flow actions also affect congestion in negative and positive ways. Transportation engineers have numerous methods for redesigning streets to improve traffic flow and speed up traffic. While straightening and widening roads can provide short-term relief from congestion during peak commute hours and increase vehicle speeds during off-peak hours, the improvements on average are not enough to overcome induced demand or the risks introduced by high-speed drivers.

Traffic flow is also impacted by traffic controls—including intersections, stop signs, stop lights, yield signs, lane merges, and toll collections, to name a few examples. Traffic controls can create congestion by creating traffic bottlenecks and resulting shockwave effects. Conversely, traffic congestion can also be mitigated by improving, removing, or adding traffic controls.

More technologically enabled traffic control (such as traffic light synchronisation and real time traffic sensors) may not be as effective as assumed for reducing congestion. For example in Los Angeles, which was one of the first cities to synchronise all traffic signals, was found by researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles, to fail to solve congestion in the city.

However, an increasing number of cities, counties, and even a few states are beginning to design new and existing streets with traffic safety as the primary concern instead of traffic flow, prioritising “traffic calming” measures like speed bumps, high-visibility crosswalks, protected bike lanes, and road diets (i.e., removing vehicle lanes to make space for alternative modes and traffic calming features). The shift from prioritising traffic safety over traffic flow is an ongoing experiment with inconsistent levels of adoption, but it’s gaining traction in the planning profession.

Climate Governance in the framework of the SUMP process focusing on climate mitigation planning

In the EU, the absolute and relative average Green House Gas (GHG) emissions caused by mobility in general (and urban mobility more specifically) has increased since 1990, as opposed to most other sectors of the economy. The share of GHG emissions of urban mobility varies now between about 25 and 40% of total urban GHG emissions.

The European Commission strongly encourages cities to use a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) as a proven, established multi-sectoral framework for effectively tackling all common urban mobility challenges, including congestion, pollution and climate change.

JASPERS supports the establishment of SUMPs in several countries and cities. Climate aspects of urban mobility are taking an increasing role in this advisory activity, and the necessity and urgency to define climate action objectives in SUMPs have become an explicit subject to JASPERS advice in several cities and regions.  Furthermore, the EIB as the EU Climate Bank requires a solid strategic basis to define climate-proof urban mobility investments during the appraisal process of lending requests.

Dedicated SUMP guidance is urgently needed to support municipalities in addressing Climate Change Mitigation. JASPERS has developed specific technical notes to support its advisory work for individual SUMPs. This approach and experience may serve as a basis for a broader guidance document, which should also include procedural requirements and ways to provide decision-makers with the appropriate tools.

One of the most important topics related to mitigating climate change will subsequently make the subject of a knowledge consolidation workshop organised on 20 May 2022, 09:00 – 12:00 CET.

The goal of this webinar is for cities and regions to share their experience and knowledge regarding the engagement of stakeholders from different sectors, new collaborative practices among diverse stakeholders, and governance coalitions for climate mitigation in the transport sector. If you are interested in participating in this workshop and taking part in an open and interactive discussion within the group of experts and EIB JASPER, you can register here.

This workshop will comprise a mixture of case studies, group and plenary discussions focusing on governance for climate mitigation planning, integration, and cooperation with the non-transport sector in the planning process.

Climate mitigation as a cross-cutting and cross-sectoral issue is of relevance and interest to a wide range of stakeholders, who can greatly support it through engagement and participation in the climate mitigation action. Therefore, it is important to understand who the key stakeholders are and what their interests, responsibilities and positions are from the beginning of the climate planning process to develop an appropriate stakeholder management strategy.

Moreover, regional- and national-level governance of urban mobility in the context of climate change plays an important role in coordinating and supporting local actions, especially for small municipalities. Numerous international, European and national city networks play an important role in helping their members exchange knowledge and experiences and providing support to act on climate change in the transport sector.

The detailed agenda of this workshop will be shared with you upon registration.

To register for this webinar please see here.

Contact points

Jochen (Joachim) Schneider, EIB (JASPERS), E-Mail: j.schneider@eib.org

Susanne Böhler-Baedeker (Rupprecht Consult), E-Mail: s.boehler@rupprecht-consult.eu