12.2. Share results and lessons learned
Bremen consists of the City of Bremen and the City of Bremerhaven and it has around 550.000 inhabitants in the City of Bremen. Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) of Bremen was adopted in 2014 and Bremen was crowned as the winner the 2014 European SUMP Award.
Intensive and increasing parking problems in the inner-city areas and the steady growth in car-ownership is a well-known obstacle for achieving sustainable urban development. To reach sustainable mobility some measures had to be implemented to stop and prevent the consumption of public space and the space required by the car and related infrastructure. To improve the quality of urban life and to regain the street space back two “Mobil.punkt” stations were built in the city centre. These first two special integrated intermodal car-shearing stations represent an alternative and efficient approach to compete with the private owned car in terms of convenience and cost-structure and can help to improve the quality of life in the cities. Since its introduction in year 2003 the “Mobil.punkt” on-street car-sharing system expanded and has now over 40 service stations in the city of Bremen alone and over 130 cars for more than 6200 clients. The pay-as-you-drive principle and related reduction of car-borne mileage (shift to public transport, rail, cycling and intermodal chains) and the availability of a variety of low-emission cars lead to a reduction of emission and noise. With the help of Car-Sharing more than 1.500 private cars are replaced in Bremen.
The Senate Department of Environment, Construction, Transport and European Affaris in Bremen was the main initiator of the project “Mobil.punkt” which is a part of the Civitas Vivaldi initiative for “Cleaner and better transport in cities”. The results of the pilot project had a great success. From a management/financial point of view there were no discrepancies between the planned and realized objectives, from an environmental point of view were lower CO2 emissions and reduced noise level.
The project is financially supported by the European Commission. BREPARK, a company for parking management, was authorised to construct and run this mobility stations. BREPARK received the right for separate use of public areas per contract for an undefined period of time. The company rents the parking spaces to the Car-Sharing operator and finances the running costs with the rental income.