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Good Practices

Transnational Pilots Handbook for Low-Carbon Mobility in Functional Urban Areas


Leipzig, Skawina, Szeged, Krakow, Koprivnica, Parma


Central Europe




Integrated Planning


Step 7: Select measure packages with stakeholders

Activity description

Planning for integrated and low-carbon mobility for public transport (PT) was at the heart of the LOWCARB project. Thus, the main goal was to increase public transport accessibility in the functional urban area (FUA) of cities in central Europe. This could only be achieved when planners in municipalities, public transport authorities and companies join forces and cooperate beyond administrative, departmental, and organizational boundaries. With these objectives in mind, six LOW-CARB partner teams (in Leipzig, Szeged, Koprivnica, Kraków, Skawina and Parma) realized pilots to demonstrate innovative mobility services in selected areas within their FUAs. The preparation, implementation and evaluation of pilots were accompanied by SUMP1 Action Plan developments in three FUAs: Leipzig, Szeged and Koprivnica, where the parallel development of pilots and action plans created enhanced synergies. For the pilots in Kraków and Skawina, who represent an urban core and a satellite municipality in a joint FUA, the cooperation of LOW-CARB catalysed the kick-off a metropolitan SUMP process; while in Parma, a pilot action plan for a multimodal public transport electrification measure was developed, ready to implement, but also to share with others for replication. 

Lessons learned

LOW-CARB’s project pilots present innovative public transport solutions that aim at increasing service quality and users’ satisfaction, for both current users and new customers. In addition, the pilots support the ambitious decarbonisation targets for mobility in the involved functional urban areas. All partners supported the objective of public transport remaining the backbone of urban mobility in their functional urban areas, as well as to increase accessibility despite the challenges of urban sprawl and increases in population.